ITINERARY OF THE PAVAKATHAKALI TROUPE

28 11 2011
Pavakathakali, Photo: Thulasi Kakkat

Pavakathakali, Photo: Thulasi Kakkat

 

(from 3rd to 11th  December 2011)

Date :    December 3rd   

Time:  10 AM Workshop  ;    6 PM Performance  

Play:      KALYANASAUGANDHIKAM   ,          DHAKSHAYAGAM   

Venue:  Mariyamman Kovil, Kavuthiyam Parambu, Pandarathara, Palakkad

 

Date : 4th Dec   

Time : 3 pm workshop ; 6 pm Performance

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam , Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Mariyamman Kovil, Kanjirakunnam, Pandarathara, Kodumbu, Palakkad

 

Date : 5Th Dec   

Time: 5 pm Performance

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Poomulli Mana, Peringode, Palakkad

Date : 6th Dec   

Time: 5 pm Performance

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Kothara Mana, Kothara, Palakkad

Date : 7th Dec   

Time: 5 pm Performance

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Valiyaparakkad Tharavadu, (organised by Veerapalasi Samsakarika Kendram, Puthushakthi Arts Club, Kulukkalloor)

Date : 8th Dec   

Time: 5 pm

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue : Vishwambhara Kshetram, Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Shala, Kottakkal, Malappuram

Date : 9th Dec   

Time: 5 pm

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Azhvancheri Mana, Athavanadu, Malppuram

Date : 10th Dec   

Time: 5 pm

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanavadham

Venue: Thavanur Mana, Thavanur, Malappuram

Date  : 11th Dec  

Time: 11 am performance, Venue: Gramika, Kuzhikkaattusseri

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Duryodhanvadham

Time: 5 pm

Play: Kalyanasaugandhikam, Dakshayagam

Venue: Natanakairali, Ammannur Chakyar Madhom, Irinjalakuda, Thrissur

Concept and Introduction            : Venu.G

Representing IGNCA                   : Rajinder Singh

Workshop                                  :RaviGopalan Nair

Convener                                  : K.Sreenivasan

Reception                                  : K.R. Sankaran

Stage decoration                        : Narayanankutty

Puppeteers                                : K.V. Ramakrishnan

: K.C. Ramakrishnan

:RaviGopalan Nair

: K. Sreenivasan

: Kalanilayam Haridas

Chenda                                     : V. Thakappan

Singing                                      : Kalanilayam Ramakrishanan

Edakka                                      : Kalanilayam Unnikrishnan

Observation                               : Kapila Venu

Pavakathakali plays  – Kalyanasaugadhikam

Duryodhanavadham

Dakshayagam

(Directed by G.Venu)

Documentation :  Media Centre Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts,New Delhi

News released by                                                      Enquiries

Natanakairali                                                            0480 2825559

Ammannur Chakyar Madhom                       G.Venu   :  9846452933

Irinjalakuda – 680 121, Thrissur                  K.Sreenivasan:9447617568

Kerala.

E-mail: natanakairali@gmail.com

            abhinayakairali@gmail.com

For further details on pavakathakali :-

http://www.natanakairali.mimemo.net/www.virali.org/www.narthaki.com/info/articles/art157.html / www.indiansinparis.com/blog/roots/377-pavakathakali-kerala/





Pavakathakali – Chamu Pandaram and Velayudhan Pandaram in 1972

28 11 2011
Chamu Pandaram and Velayudhan Pandaram (Photo courtesy: Sangeet Natak Akademi)

Chamu Pandaram and Velayudhan Pandaram (Photo courtesy: Sangeet Natak Akademi)





Pavakathakali – Back to its village trail

25 11 2011
Puppeteers K C Ramakrishnan and Ravi Gopalan Nair, Photo Thulasi Kakkat

Raudrabheema from the play Duryodhanavadham

Pavakathakali, or Puppet Kathakali is an art form that has had its share in making Kathakali, the Classical Dance Theatre of Kerala, popular even from the time of its evolution.  It is possible to see in different regions across cultures the puppet version of their important art forms.  Bunraku is thus the puppet version of the Japanese Kabuki; the Chinese puppet theatre has elements that compare with theBeijingOpera.  The dance drama Yakshagana from Karnataka inIndiahas with regional variations its incarnation in the Yakshagana puppet.  The fact underlined is that when children and adults see a character unfold through puppets, it leaves a strong impression in their minds.

In olden times, puppeteers all over the world travelled a lot.  They would bundle up their puppets and travel across villages, from house to house and perform in the domestic space for children and adults.  When such itinerant performers arrived in the ancestral homes, the hosts paid a lot of attention to take care of their needs for the performances generated a lot of excitement in children.

In Kerala, for the Aandipandaras, such performances are traditionally the means of their livelihood.    There continue to be some families of such itinerant performers in Paruthippulli and Kodumbu villages in Palakkad.  Though they had migrated from Andhra Pradesh many centuries back and settled here, their mother tongue continues to be Telugu.  The means for their main source of income was to offer puja in households for Lord Subramanya and guide pilgrims on their way to Palani.  Apart from this, some of them were good in various types of performances.  It was a small group from among these who worked as puppeteers.  It is believed that they came from Andhra Pradesh via Tamil Nadu and settled in Kerala.  When they reached Kerala, they used to perform the Aryamaala, the Tamil folk drama as puppet show.  Later when Kathakali became popular in Kerala, they carved Kathakali figures, studied the text and shaped it to make it their own art form.  They did get a lot of encouragement and acceptance for this.

In the modern period, at least till the 1960s, Pavakathakali was very much alive.  Chamu Pandaram was a noted artist in the twentieth century.  A troupe from Paruthippulli village under the leadership of Chamu Pandaram travelled from household to household with their performances covering regions till the Purnathrayeesha temple in Thripunithura.   Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay who happened to see two such puppets in the museum in Thrissur first underlined the need to revive this art form.  She was instrumental in providing the impetus and support to revive most of the puppet forms inIndia.  Later, she entrusted Venu G to continue with research in this area.  Acharya Krishnankutty Pulavar, the leather puppetry maestro’s help was instrumental in getting to know that Chamu Pandaram and his troupe were in Paruthippulli village.

In 1972, with the help of the documentation officer Govind Vidyarthi of Sangeet Natak Akademi,New Delhi, the Paavakathakali of Chamu Pandaram was filmed in 16mm.  It can be said that this was the only documentation of Paavakathakali during that period.  In 1980, according to the suggestions of Kamaladeviji, there was an elaborate survey that Venuji undertook.  Then with the help of K.V. Ramakrishnan, the nephew of Chamu Pandaram, many puppets and other details were collected.  When the training programme for reviving Pavakathakali was initiated by the Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1982, the main performers Chamu Pandaram and his colleague Velayudhan Pandaram had passed away.  Only K.V. Ramakrishnan, the son of Velayudhan Pandaram, K.C. Karuppan, K.C. Ramakrishnan, the children of Chamu Pandaram, percussionist V. Thankappan remained in the traditional family who could just about handle the art form.  But none of them had the expertise to make puppets.  Thottassery Narayanan, Kathakali artist and costume designer took it on himself to make the puppets studying the old puppets.  Six students were selected from Puthuppulli and Kodumbu villages for training.  Ravi Gopalan Nair was the student who studied the art of making puppets.

The overall responsibility of training was in Venu.G known for his knowledge of Kathakali and Pavakathakali.  The venue for training was provided by Vijnanakalavedi, the Chengannur based Kathakali Vidyalayam.  After almost one year, the venue was shifted to Natanakairali, Irinjalakuda. Since those students selected for training from the Aandi Pandaram family went for training in other professions, they were not available for Pavakathakali.

In 1984 when Venu.G choreographed the story of Kalyana Sougandhikam for Pavakathakali revived by Kamaladeviji, it was presented at the India International Centre,New Delhi.  Following this Duryodhanavadham, Dakshayagam and Utharaswayamvaram were also choreographed.   Pavakathakali had numerous stages inIndiaand abroad and became popular across the world.  At present, there is only a small troupe at Natanakairali to preserve this art form at present.  This troupe has at present K.V. Ramakrishnan, K.C. Ramakrishnan, Ravi Gopalan Nair, K. Srinivasan, V. Thankappan, and Kalanilayam Ramakrishnan.   With the national award from the Kendra Sangeet Natak Akademi to K.V. Ramakrishnan and K.C. Ramakrishnan in 2011 and the Dakshina Chitra Viruthu award for Ravi Gopalan Nair, this art form has received a boost for its morale.

It is imperative to nourish and nurture a new generation in Pavakathakali.  This kind of working with art forms is not a way to earn one’s living.  Only those who have a regular job and can handle this art form simultaneously can properly train in this.  Rigorous training for at least six years is essential if one has to ably perform with rhythmic modulations and gain mastery over the art.

We have scheduled a programme from 3 -12, Dec 2011 with a fervent hope to attract public attention and also reach out to those who have an inclination towards Pavakathakali.     The programme will be organized retracing the steps to the times when Chamu Pandaram went around with his troupe.  The venues will include Paruthippulli, Kodumbu, Poomullimana, Kothara, Kulukkalloor, Kottakkal, Azhvancherimana, Tavanur and Irinjalakuda.  The Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts has extended help to realize this venture and will also document the performances and workshops.  We earnestly hope that this second phase of activities for the revival of Pavakathakali will become an important milestone for its growth.

Detailed Itinerary will be posted shortly.